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Effect of specialized product with modified carbohydrate profile on clinical and metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes

Abstract

Aim. To evaluate the effect of a low-calorie diet with the inclusion of a specialized product (SP) with a modified carbohydrate profile (dry instant mixture) on the glycemic and metabolic control indicators in patients with DM2.

Material and methods. The study included 30 patients with DM2 with concomitant obesity, grade 1-111, who were on oral sugar-lowering therapy. Within 2 weeks, patients of the main group received a low- calorie diet (1550 kcal/day) with the inclusion of SP with a modified carbohydrate profile (based on maltitol and with sweeteners) with strawberry flavor in the form of a drink (30 g dry mix per 150 ml of water) for the second breakfast instead of a carbohydrate-containing dish, which provided the intake of 7.8 g of protein, 6.1 g of fat, 1.8 g of carbohydrates, 5.6 g of maltitol. The comparison group received a low-calorie diet (1550 kcal/day) without the inclusion of SP. 1n all patients, on the background of complex therapy, anthropometric indices, body composition, parameters of carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism, liver function, and lipid peroxidation were assessed.

Results and discussion. 1t was shown that SP inclusion into the hypocaloric diet was accompanied by a significant decrease in the level of basal glycemia by an average of 17.4% from the initial level (p<0.05), serum total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoproteins cholesterol (LDL-C) on average by 26.9 and 36.2% of baseline, respectively, p<0.05, while in patients of the comparison group, the change in fasting blood glucose was not statistically significant (a decrease of 8.1%), and the decrease in TC and LDL-C was on average 22.1 and 21.0%, respectively (p<0.05). At the same time, against the background of complex therapy, positive dynamic in lipid peroxidation in the main group was observed: the level of blood serum malondialdehyde decreased on average by 25.3% from the baseline values (p<0.05).

Conclusion. The inclusion of SP with a modified carbohydrate profile in a low-calorie diet is accompanied by an improvement in glycemic control, lipid metabolism and antioxidant status of patients with DM2, helping to reduce the risk of developing systemic vascular complications in this disease.

Keywords:low-calorie diet, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, specialized products

For citation: Sharafetdinov Kh.Kh., Plotnikova O.A., Nazarova A.M., Kondratyeva O.V., Frolova Yu.V., Kochetkova A.A., Vorobyeva V.M. Effect of specialized product with modified carbohydrate profile on clinical and metabolic parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes. Voprosy pitaniia [Problems of Nutrition]. 2019; 88 (4): 88-94. doi: 10.24411/0042-8833-2019-10046 (in Russian)

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