Effects of quercetin on protective capacity in rats fed a high-fructose diet
The purpose of the study was to determine effects of quercetin on protective capacity parameters in the experiment on rats fed a high fructose diet. Rats of the control group received a semi-synthetic (s/s) diet and water; animals from the 1st experimental group -s/s diet and 20% fructose solution instead of drinking water; rats of the 2nd experimental group- s/s diet with quercetin (0.1% indiet) and 20% fructose solution instead of drinking water for 20 weeks. Parameters of antioxidant status [total antioxidant activity (AOA), the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and lipids hydroperoxides, the level of reduced and oxidized glutathione, activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, paraoxonase-1, hemeoxygenase-1, NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase], the activity of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes [CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B1, CYP3A, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UDP-GT) and glutathione transferase] were studied in plasma and liver of rats. Consumption of the high-fructose diet led to changes in some parameters: diminution of AOA in blood plasma, decrease of AOA and MDA level, unsedimentable activity of lysosomal enzymes, increase of the UDP-GT activity in liver. The inclusion of quercetin in the diet did not affect the studied parameters, except for a more pronounced decrease of the unsedimentable activity of lysosomal enzymes in rat liver. The results of the study indicated that there was no significant effect of quercetin on the protective capacity of rats at the initial stage of obesity caused by high-fructose diet.
Keywords:quercetin, fructose, antioxidant enzymes, xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, lysosomal enzymes
Voprosy pitaniia [Problems of Nutrition]. 2018; 87 (5): 6-12. doi: 10.24411/0042-8833-2018-10047. (in Russian)