Evaluation of vitamin status of workers of oil-processing enterprises (Samara Region) according to the data on vitamin consumption and blood serum level
Vitamin status of 77 employees of oil refineries (39 men and 38 women aged 22 to 62 years, body mass index - 25.0±4.7 kg/m2) has been assessed in autumn. The sufficiency with vitamins A, E, D, B2, B12, folate and beta-carotene was evaluated by determination in blood plasma, daily intake of vitamins B1, B2, niacin, C, A and beta-carotene was calculated by frequency of food consumption during previous month. All surveyed were sufficiently supplied with vitamins A, B12 and folate (reduced level was detected in 0-2.6%). The content of tocopherols referred to triglycerides was reduced in 33% of the workers, in men it was 2 fold more likely (p<0.05) than in women (43.6 vs 21.1%). Vitamin D insufficiency took place in 23.4% of individuals, vitamin B2 and beta-carotene - in 44.2%. A reduced blood plasma content of one vitamin was detected in 39.0% of the surveyed, while two vitamins - in 24.7% persons, 2.2 fold more often (p<0.05) in men than in women. Multivitamin insufficiency was detected in 10.4% of workers. Reduced blood plasma level of at least one vitamin-antioxidant was detected in 46.8% (in 61.5% of men and 31.6% of women, p<0.05). 26.0% of surveyed were provided with all 6 vitamins and beta-carotene. Reduced relative to RDA daily intake of antioxidant vitamins (ascorbic acid and beta-carotene) was observed in 64.9 and 100% of individuals, B group vitamins (niacin, B2 and B1) - in 48.1-64.9%, vitamin A - in 42.9%.
Keywords:vitamins, blood plasma level, vitamin deficiency, intake, insufficient intake of vitamins, persons of working age
Voprosy pitaniia [Problems of Nutrition]. 2017; 86 (6): 94-102. doi: 10.24411/0042-8833-2017-00011.