Effects of polyvitamin deficiency on the activity of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver
AbstractThe activity of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes was studied in the liver of male Wistar rats, which were fed for 4 weeks diets, containing 100 (control), 50 and 20% of vitamin adequate level. Moderate (50%) polyvitamin deficiency increased activity of EROD (by 13%), MROD (by 34%; p<0,05), 4-nitrophenol hydroxylase (by 16%), 6β-testosterone hydroxylase (by 17%), UDP-glucuronosyle transferase (by 26%, p<0,05) and quinone reductase (by 55%, p<0,05). Deep (20%) polyvitamin deficiency decreased in liver activity of MROD (to 78% of control level, p<0,05), 4-nitrophenol hydroxylase (to 74%, p<0,05), heme oxygenase-1 (to 83%, p<0,05) and quinone reductase (to 60%, p<0,05). At the same time a 22% increase in the UDP-glucuronosyle transferase activity compared to the control group was found; activities of EROD, PROD, 6β-testosterone hydroxylase and the total activity of glutathione S-transferase were unchanged. Deep polyvitamin deficiency had no significant effect on CYP1A1 mRNA and AhR mRNA level, whereas the expression of CYP1A2 mRNA and CYP3A1 mRNA were decreased to 62 and 79%, respectively, as compared with control.
Keywords:xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes, xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes gene expression, polyvitamin deficiency